Page 322

Still living, of the early Hoh Valley settlers, are: Carl Fisher, T. R. H. Schmidt, and Isaac Anderson of the lower Valley, all of whom are in their eighties. (This was in 1952).

Of course there were many other early Hoh Valley homesteaders that I have not listed. Most stayed only a few years; some proved up, but others relinquished and took script, and the land was then settled by another hopeful. Some claims by this method were homesteaded by two or three successive settlers. Thus Bill Smith and Carl Fisher were successive settlers on what is now the Landre farm, and Pete Willoughby's place was occupied by a succession of settlers until T. R. H. Schmidt bought it some forty years ago.

There were also Forest Service men that sometimes stayed for years and eventually bought land and had homes near my father's ranch. However, there was a period between 1897 and about 1906 when the woods were practically depopulated, as older settlers proved up and moved out and newcomers had not arrived. President Cleveland, by closing much land, forced many settlers out, but later these lands were again opened to entry and new settlers came in.

John Huelsdonk never lived at Forks, although the address Forks now covers the Hoh Valley. At one time the address was Spruce. This, together with the post office of Pins and Hoh, in the Hoh Valley, was abandoned and Forks, Kalaloch, and Clearwater post offices now serve the area.

From several of Lena Flethcher's articles in the Aberdeen World under the caption "Times of the Pioneers" I quote the following:

"Our family and the Olson family of Quinault raised and kept more elk than any others on the west Olympics. One summer alone my sisters raised eighteen which I took to Seattle for the State Game Department to use in exchange for moose and mountain goats. Altogether we must have raised about forty or fifty. The first elk calves we raised, named Dewey and Bismark, found a home in Woodland Park, Seattle. That was fifty years ago.

We never tried to tame any skunks, but skunks adopt people. If the house foundation was entirely enclosed the civet cats would take possession. If an opening or two were left, dogs, cats, and chickens all used it, and the skunks were homeless.